Published on 25 Feb 2015 | over 2 years ago

US Soldiers training with the powerful FGM-148 Javelin on training range against wrecked tank.

The FGM-148 Javelin is a portable anti-tank missile developed in the United States .

In January 1978, an official document of the US Army recognized and identified deficiencies Javelin predecessor, the M47 Dragon , which was the portable anti-armor system used so far. But it took some years before the Javelin began his creation. In 1989, the US Army declared a winner for the development of what would become the Javelin, perhaps one of the best missile of its kind in the coming years. He was called to replace the Dragon. The companies responsible for this new project were Raytheon, to launch system, electronic guide, and software, and a division of Lockheed Martin (seeker missile and missile assembly). Thus, the Javelin entered production in 1994, and the entire system was commissioned in June 1996 for the US Army in the legendary Fort Benning. Since then there have been more than 9,000 units.


The Javelin weapon system (Javelin) consists of two parts: the unit startup command (in English, CLU) and projectile. The CLU weighs only 6.4 kg, being one of the lightest such. It incorporates a passive target acquisition system that combines a look for daylight (4 ×) and one with second generation thermal imaging (with 4 and 9 ×). This look also incopora a cooling system. Everything you need the shooter is in the CLU.

The projectile consists of the Javelin missile itself and Launch Tube Assembly. The characteristics of the missile they do get into a very select category. It has a range of 2.5 kilometers (double that of its predecessor, the DRAGON), and is also a missile like "fire and forget", which indicates that, once launched, the shooter must not guide. The missile, equipped with an infrared seeker, when acerroja on a white follows automatically. The infrared guidance, cadmium / mercury is focused on wavelengths between 8 and 20 microns.

The missile has a dual head war, making it ideal for modern armored warfare. The first load is intended to detonate all types of reactive armor that can lead white, while the second core must pierce armor. This makes the Javelin is different from the others, as few systems have this feature.

The propulsion system consists of a two-stage design, solid fuel, which produce little smoke and give the possibility of a soft launch, even in places very reducidos.Esto makes possible the use of the missile in very small areas, and from within of a building or in very hedged positions. The Javelin can be loaded and fired by one man, but needs assistants who protect and carrying extra ammunition.

The Javelin is very simple and quick to use, being ready to shoot in less than 30 seconds and can be recharged in just 20. The missile is placed on the CLU and the shooter seeks its target using the sight (night or day) placing a cursor on the target. At that time, acerroja auto missile seeker on the lens, giving a direct order. From that moment, the Javelin can be launched without the shooter must follow, and this can change position automatically after launch.

This is a very large compared to other guided missiles cable, fiber optic or, very popular in the arms market advantage laser designators.

At the time of launch, the system gives a soft missile ejection, so that the handle does not get much setback in its hombro.Cuando the missile is in the air and far enough away from the shooter, the second stage, bigger, Lights.

To make matters worse, the system has two modes of use that make it more effective. These two modes are: direct attack or above.

Direct attack is especially used against secondary targets of the missile, which are hedged positions, bunkers, buildings and helicopters. In this mode, the missile takes the shortest route to their target, in this mode can reach 50 meters in height.

However, the mode of attack above seeks to destroy the main targets for which it was thought the Javelin faster: tanks. These devices always have two most vulnerable parts: the top and bottom. In this mode of attack, the missile, instead of taking the most direct route, impacting on the sides of the vehicle, climb to a certain height and then fell on him on the roof. The missile is fired at an elevation of 18 degrees and when it reaches 150 meters, falling on the bare white. This missile, ready to face the most modern tanks in the world, can knock out an old armored vehicle without much effort, even attacking him in the front, with its warhead with a penetration of 600 mm.

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