The Balochistan conflict is an ongoing conflict between Baloch nationalists and the government of Pakistan.
Baloch demands used to include greater autonomy, increased royalties from natural resources and provincial revenue, but lately the fight has been for full independence from Pakistan's occupation.
Shortly after Pakistan's independence in 1947, the Pakistan Army began operations to subdue Kalat-based insurgents who fought an invading Pakistan Army.
A subsequent Baloch separatist movement gained momentum in the 1960s, following the introduction of a new constitution which limited provincial autonomy and enacted the 'One Unit' concept of political organization in Pakistan.
Tension continued to grow amid consistent political disorder and instability at the federal level. The unrest continued into the 1970s, culminating in a government-ordered military operation in the region in 1973.
Assisted by Iran, Pakistani forces inflicted heavy casualties on the separatists. The insurgency fell into decline after a return to the four-province structure and the abolishment of the Sardari system.
The Balochistan Liberation Army, identified as a terrorist organization by Pakistan, Britain, and other governments, is the most widely-known Baloch separatist group. Since 2000 it has conducted numerous deadly attacks on Pakistani troops, police, and civilians. Other violent separatist groups include Lashkar-e-Balochistan and the Baloch Liberation United Front (BLUF).[
More on Pakistan's war in Balochistan in The Guardian by Declan Walsh here: