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Published on 04 Jan 2015 | about 1 year ago

Qari ‘Abdul-Basit ‘Abdus-Samad (1927–1988)
( ﺪﺒﻋ ﻂﺳﺎﺒﻟﺍ ﺪﺒﻋ ﺪﻤﺼﻟﺍ ), was a renowned Qari
(reciter of the Qur'an). As such, many modern
reciters try to imitate his style. The Qari had
won three world Qira'at competitions in the
early 1970s. ‘Abdus-Samad was one of the first
huffaz to make commercial recordings of his
recitations, and the first president of the
Reciters' Union in Egypt. He is best known for
his recitation of sura al-Fatiha , the first chapter
of the Qur'an, which is a key sura (chapter) in
the five daily Islamic canonical prayers.
Early life
‘Abdul-Basit was born in a village near Armant
city in southern Egypt. He was raised in an
environment which nourished his motivating
force and passion for reciting the Quran. His
father Mohammed Abdus-Samad and grand
father Abdus-Samad, were both recognized and
respected for memorizing and reciting the
In 1950, he came to Cairo where Muslims in
many mosques were captivated by his
recitations. On one occasion, he was reciting
verses from sura al-Ahzab (The Confederates) he
was requested to recite for longer than his
allotted 10 minutes by the audience, and he
continued to recite for over an hour and a half;
his listeners were captivated by his mastery of
pitch, tone and the rules of tajweed (Qur'anic
recitation) .
‘Abdus-Samad travelled extensively outside
Egypt ; in 1961, he recited at the Badshahi
Masjid, in Lahore , Pakistan as well as reciting in
one of the biggest Tablighi Madrasa's in
Bangladesh, the Hathazari Madrasa in
Chittagong. He visited Indonesia (1964/1965 ),
Jakarta, and recited the Qur'an in that country's
biggest Mosque. The audience filled the entire
room of the mosque, including the frontyard;
about a 1/4 of a million people were hearing his
recitation till dawn. Also in Pekalongan (city of
Batik ), he recited at the Masjid Jame' (Masjid
Kauman), His recitation captivated the audience.
He also recited for more than two hours at the
Darul Uloom Deoband's 100 years celebration in
the early 1980's where scholars from all over
the world were present in the thousands. In
1987, whilst on a visit to America, ‘Abdus-Samad
related a story from one trip he made to the
Soviet Union, with then Egyptian president
Gamal Abdel Naser .
‘Abdus-Samad was asked to recite for some
leaders of the Soviet party. ‘Abdus-Samad
recounts that four to five of his listeners from
the Communist Party were in tears on hearing
the recitation, although they didn't understand
what was being recited, but they cried,
apparently touched by the Qur'an.
Indira Gandhi , an Indian prime minister and
political leader always felt touched by his
recitation and would stop alongside to
appreciate his recitation.
The circumstances of his death are unknown.
However, it has been suggested that he suffered
from a fatal heart trauma after having been
involved in a car accident while other accounts
state he passed away either from diabetes or an
acute hepatitis. There are also rumors that
report he died from straining a vein until it
popped while reciting Surat Ya-Sin in few
breaths. The exact date of his death has been
confirmed to be on Wednesday, November 30,
1988, and he is survived by his three sons (from
oldest to the youngest): Yasir, Hisham, and
Tariq. Following his father's footsteps, Yasir has
also become a Qari .

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