Aurangzeb, born in 1618, was considered as the last great Mughal emperor. He was the third son of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal. By the time he turned 16, Shah Jahan gave him the post of the governor of Deccan. Aurangzeb moved to Kirki in the Deccan region, which he renamed, Aurangabad, after him. In 1637, he married Rabia Durrani and it was around this time that Shah Jahan began to favour his eldest son, Dara Shikoh.
Aurangzeb soon earned his father’s disfavour and was asked to step down from his post. However after mending ties with his father, he was made governor of Gujarat where he did well and was rewarded.
By 1647, he was made governor of Balkh and Badakhshan (present day Afghanistan and Tajikistan), replacing his ineffective brother, Murad Baksh.
His death had marked the beginning of the end of the Mughal Empire. Watch this video to learn more about Aurangzeb and his reign.