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Published on 09 Sep 2015 | about 1 year ago

In which John Green discusses the Syrian refugee crisis and the growing number of refugees from Syria, Afghanistan, and Eritrea crossing the sea with the help of smugglers to seek refuge in European Union nations.

Also discussed: The difference between migrants and refugees, the rights of refugees as established by international law, the globalization of all regional crises, and how the death of 3-year-old Alan Kurdi galvanized the world.


The UNHCR: donate.unhcr.org/international/general/

Save the Children fundraiser created by author Patrick Ness: uk.virginmoneygiving.com/fundraiser-web/fundraiser/showFundraiserProfilePage.action


Most of the stats and graphs in this video came from the United Nations' High Commission on Refugees: www.unhcr.org.uk/about-us/key-facts-and-figures.html

Overview of the EU's struggle with migrants and refugees from the BBC: www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-24583286

Another overview from the Independent: www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/refugee-crisis-six-charts-that-show-where-refugees-are-coming-from-where-they-are-going-and-how-they-are-getting-to-europe-10482415.html

An incredibly complicated guide to whose supporting whom in the Syrian Civil War: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_armed_groups_in_the_Syrian_Civil_War

Immigrants to the U.S. are less likely to commit crimes than other Americans: www.wsj.com/articles/the-mythical-connection-between-immigrants-and-crime-1436916798

Understanding the difference between migrants and refugees, and the legal obligations we have to refugees: www.unhcr.org/55df0e556.html

The UNHCR maps a plan forward from Europe that I quote from extensively: www.unhcr.org/55e9459f6.html

The 1951 Refugee Convention that I mistakenly called a Commission in the video: www.unhcr.org/pages/49da0e466.html

Information about the horrifying human rights abuses by Eritrea's government: www.hrw.org/africa/eritrea and www.ohchr.org/en/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx

Yes, Bashar al Assad's government in Syria has tortured children and used chemical weapons: www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/2011/05/201153185927813389.html and en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ghouta_chemical_attack (Link contains explicit images of death)

Joseph Stalin probably never said that thing about one death being a tragedy and a thousand (or million) deaths being a statistic, but I quoted it the way a Soviet historian did: en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Joseph_Stalin

Thanks as always to Rosianna Halse Rojas (www.youtube.com/rosianna) , whose data-gathering and fact-checking made this video possible. If you read the entire dooblydoo, you get a gold star.

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