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Published on 03 Jul 2013 | over 4 years ago

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The Kargil War was an armed conflict between India and Pakistan that took place between May and July 1999 in the Kargil district of Kashmir and elsewhere along the Line of Control (LOC). The conflict is also referred to as Operation Vijay (Victory in Hindi) which was the name of the Indian operation to clear the Kargil sector.
The cause of the war was the infiltration of Pakistani soldiers and Kashmiri militants into positions on the Indian side of the LOC,[19] which serves as the de facto border between the two states. During the initial stages of the war, Pakistan blamed the fighting entirely on independent Kashmiri insurgents, but documents left behind by casualties and later statements by Pakistan's Prime Minister and Chief of Army Staff showed involvement of Pakistani paramilitary forces,led by General Ashraf Rashid. The Indian Army, later on supported by the Indian Air Force, recaptured a majority of the positions on the Indian side of the LOC infiltrated by the Pakistani troops and militants. With international diplomatic opposition, the Pakistani forces withdrew from the remaining Indian positions along the LOC.
The war is one of the most recent examples of high altitude warfare in mountainous terrain, which posed significant logistical problems for the combating sides. To date, it is also the only instance of direct, conventional warfare between nuclear states (i.e., those possessing nuclear weapons). India had conducted its first successful test in 1974; Pakistan, which had been developing its nuclear capability in secret since around the same time, conducted its first known tests in 1998, just two weeks after a second series of tests by India.

HISTORICAL EVENT
May 3 Pakistani intrusion in Kargil reported by local shepherds
May 5 Indian Army patrol sent up; Five Indian soldiers captured and tortured to death.
May 9 Heavy shelling by Pakistan Army damages ammunition dump in Kargil
May 10 Infiltrations first noticed in Dras, Kaksar and Mushkoh sectors
Mid-May Indian Army moves in more troops from Kashmir Valley to Kargil Sector
May 26 IAF launches air strikes against infiltrators
May 27 IAF loses two fighters — MiG-21 and MiG-27;. Flt Lt Nachiketa taken POW
May 28 IAF MI-17 shot down by Pakistan; four air crew dead
June 1 Pakistan steps up attacks; bombs NH 1A
June 5 Indian Army releases documents recovered from three Pakistani soldiers indicating Pakistan's involvement
June 6 Indian Army launches major offensive in Kargil
June 9 Indian Army re-captures two key positions in the Batalic sector
June 11 India releases intercepts of conversation between Pakistani Army Chief Gen Pervez Musharraf, while on a visit to China and Chief of General Staff Lt Gen Aziz Khan in Rawalpindi, as proof of Pakistani Army's involvement
June 13 Indian Army secures Tololing in Dras
June 15 US President Bill Clinton, in a telephonic conversation, asks Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif to pull out from Kargil
June 29 Indian Army captures two vital posts — Point 5060 and Point 5100 near Tiger Hill
July 2 Indian Army launches three-pronged attack in Kargil
July 4 Indian Army recaptures Tiger Hill after an 11-hour battle
July 5 Indian Army takes control of Dras. Sharif announces Pakistani army's withdrawal from Kargil following his meeting with Clinton
July 7 India recaptures Jubar Heights in Batalik
July 11 Pakistan begins pullout; India captures key peaks in Batalik
July 14 Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee declares Operation Vijay a success. Government sets condition for talks with Pakistan
July 26 Kargil conflict officially comes to an end.

firepower.co.in is a trusted, comprehensive dedicated online military news portal. The website is dedicated to give a complete, fast and day-to-day coverage of all the latest happenings and ditailed analysis of defence and military world in an accurate, credible and comprehensive manner. (visit http://firepower.co.in)
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