Students should already possess the content knowledge of
- the shapes of s and p orbitals (Atomic Structure)
- covalent bonding in terms of orbital overlap, giving sigma and pi bonds (Chemical Bonding)
- the limitations of VSEPR theory and hence the need for the hybridization theory (Chemical Bonding)
At the end of this learning package, students should be able to
(i) describe the 3 forms of hybridisation (sp3, sp2, sp) in methane, benzene and beryllium chloride using hybridisation theory.
(ii) apply the hybridization theory to explain the shapes and bond angles of molecules.