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Published on 29 Mar 2009 | over 7 years ago

The Poet: Hafeez Jalandhari حفیظ جالندھری was born in Jalandhar, Punjab (India) on 14 January 1900. His father's name was Shams ud-Din شمس الدین. He first studied at a mosque. In the school he got educated only up to Grade 7. Although he had very little formal education at school, he was very hard working and he self educated himself to a high degree. After the partition of India, he moved to Pakistan. He was gifted with a long life in which he gained many distinctions. He wrote the National Anthems of both Pakistan : پاک سر زمین شلد باد and Azad Kashmir: وطن ہمارا آزاد کشمیر۔ . It is said that he participated in the 1948 struggle in Kashmir and was injured. He is also famous for writing the Shahnama-e Islam شاہنامۂ اسلام in which he has written the Muslim History in a mathnawi form. He has a unique style in poetry. He uses small meters adeptly. For his mastery over language and the strong effect his poetry has, his title was abu al-athar ابو الاثر , or the father of effect. He had been editor of some Urdu literary magazines, including "Naonehal" نونہال , "Hazaar Dastaan" ہزار داستان, "Tehzeeb-e Niswan" تہذیبِ نسواں, and "Makhzin" مخزن. For his services he was awarded some of the highest civil awards like Hilal-e Imtiaz ہلالِ امتیاز and the Pride of Performance Medal تمغۂ حسنِ کارکردگی by the Government of Pakistan. He passed away on 21 December 1982 and is buried near Minar-e Pakistan مینارِ پاکستان in Lahore لاہور , a monument in memory of the Lahore Resolution passed by the Muslims of India in 1940.

The Singer: Malika Pukhraj ملکہ پکھراج. Her daughter, Tahira Syed طاہرہ سید, has a similar voice and style.

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