Kaveri or Cauvery Dispute part 1
The sharing of waters of the Kaveri river has been the source of a serious conflict between the Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. But this Cauvery river dispute is around hundred year's old. The average age of majority of indians is less than thirty five years. Many people are confused why this is happening, because we have not witnessed a major part of this conflict. Let us now discuss the source of this conflict. Why this issue has turned so bad. In this video we will try to understand WHAT IS Cauvery river DISPUTE and How it all started.
Cauvery river Dispute part 2
This all started way back late 19th century and earely 20th century. The state of mysore that is on your left was a pricley state. The Madras Presidency (on your right) was under direct control of the British and was a major center of power. Now this confuses a lot of people, the british never conquered entire India. They never had the force, power or administration to control the entire country. Many of them are kept as princley states. So these kings or nawabs will give british some thing like protection money. But administration was with the king. So the king of mysore Chamarajendra Wadiyar the tenth asked his british masters for water for irrigation. So in 1892 the first agreement was drawn to share kaveri river's water. The premise of the agreement was "on the principles of a modus vivendi, which would on the one hand allow to Mysore in dealing with irrigation works, and on the other, give to Madras practical security against injury to interests". This agreement was followed till 1910. When the current king Nalvadi Krishnaraja Wodeyar wanted to construct a dam with capacity of forty one point five thousand million cubic feet. When Madras Presidency objected then in 1924 british arranged for a arbitration and ambically agreed for allowing a capacity of 11 thousand million cubic feet. But it is important to note that when Kaveri is 802 Kilometer long, the major ortion of it lies in Tamil Nadu.
Cauvery river Dispute part 3
In 1947, India won independence from the British. Further in 1956, the reorganization of the states of India took place and state boundaries were redrawn based on linguistic demographics. Kodagu or Coorg (the birthplace of the Kaveri), became a part of Mysore state. Huge parts of erstwhile Hyderabad State and Bombay Presidency joined with Mysore state. Parts of Malabar which earlier formed part of Madras Presidency went to Kerala. Puducherry had already become a de facto Union territory in 1954. So the stake holders along with their power to negotiate increased. Karnataka saidf that the settelment of 1892 was flawed as the british imposed this conditions force fully.Then with the advent of 1970 again when disputes and clashes rose a Kaveri fact Finding Committee was establised to mitigate the circumstances under Babu Jagjeevan Ram. The report of the committe was publsied 1976. it looked like that the settelment is near. But again When Karnataka began construction of the Harangi dam at Kushalanagara in Kodagu, it was once again met with resistance from Tamil Nadu. In 1986 Tamil Nadu went to supreme court. Supreme court odered prime minister V P Singh to make a tribunal to find a political solution to this problem. Kaveri Dispute Tribunal was formed with justice mookherjee as chairman. When the tribunal ordered an interim order in favour of Tamil Nadu, riots broke out. Karnataka made an ordinance to nullify the order of the tribunal. Supreme court steped in and squashed the ordinance. Karnataka agreed with the tribunal.
In late part of 20th century when when monsoon failed the clashes increased and In 1997, the Government proposed the setting up of a Cauvery River Authority which would be vested with far reaching powers to ensure the implementation of the Interim Order. These powers included the power to take over the control of dams in the event of the Interim Order not being honoured. Karnataka, which had always maintained that the interim order had no scientific basis and was intrinsically flawed, strongly protested the proposal to set up such an authority.The Cauvery River Authority would consist of the Prime Minister and the Chief Ministers of all four states (Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Puducherry and Kerala) and was headquartered in New Delhi. The Cauvery Monitoring Committee on the other hand, was an expert body which consisted of engineers, technocrats and other officers who would take stock of the 'ground realities' and report to the government
Cauvery river Dispute part 4
In 2007, final decision of kaveri water dispute tribunal came. tamil nadu was alloted 419 bliion cubit feet of water. Karnataka was given 270 billion cubic feet. Kerala get 30 billion.
Cauvery river dispte Cauvery River Dispute