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Published on 08 Jun 2013 | over 4 years ago

Sindhi people of Sindh, ancient historical land in south Pakistan (with capital in Karachi), one of five provinces of Pakistan. Home to 35 millions of Sindhi people. The region received its name, Sindh, from the River Sindhu (Indus), and the people living in the region are referred to as Sindhi. Sindh was ruled by local Hindu and Buddhist rulers until 712 CE, when it was invaded by the Arabs and incorporated into part of the Umayyad Caliphate, resulting in widespread conversions to Islam. However, a substantial number of Sindhis still retain their Hindu beliefs intertwined with elements of Sikhism, and are thus often regarded as simultaneously Hindu and Sehajdhari Sikh.

Sindhi people (سنڌي): en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sindhi_.. .
Sindh (سنڌ): en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sindh
Sndhi language ( سنڌي): en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sindhi_.. .

The two main and highest ranked Rajput or Jamote tribes of Sindh are: the Soomra - descendants of the Soomra Dynasty, who ruled Sindh during (970 - 1351 A.D.) and the second is Samma - descendants of the Samma Dynasty, who ruled Sindh during (1351 - 1521 A.D.). During the Kalhora rule, a number of Jat tribes such as the Sials, Joyas and Khawars came from the Punjab and settled in Sindh. They are called the Seraiki (i.e., people from the north), and speak Seraiki. This group overlaps and is sometimes considered transitional between the Punjabis and Sindhi people.

Muslim Sindhis tend to have traditional Muslim first names, sometimes with localized variations. Most Sindhis have tribal and clan names as their surnames. Nearly forty percent of Sindhis have Baloch tribal names. Hindu Sindhis tend to have surnames that end in '-ani' (a variant of 'anshi', derived from the Sanskrit word 'ansh', which means 'descended from'). The first part of a Sindhi Hindu surname is usually derived from the name or location of an ancestor. In northern Sindh, surnames ending in 'ja' (meaning 'of') are also common. A person's surname would consist of the name of his or her native village, followed by 'ja'.

Sindh is the most prosperous province of Pakistan. Pakistan's political scene has been dominated by Sindhi politicians, including Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and Benazir Bhutto.

Background music: Sindhi song by Abida Parveen, Sindhi traditional musician.
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