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Published on 25 Nov 2015 | 11 months ago

The S-400 Triumf, previously known as S-300PMU-3, is a new generation missile system developed by Russia's Almaz Central Design Bureau as an upgrade of the S-300 family. It is currently in service with the Russian Military.

The S-400 uses three different missiles to cover its entire performance envelope. These are the extremely long range 40N6, long range 48N6 and medium range 9M96 missile. Each one has different capabilities.

The development of the S-400 system began in the late 1990s. The system was formally announced by the Russian Air Force in January 1999. On 12 February 1999, the first tests were performed at Kapustin Yar in Astrakhan which were reported successful. As a result of this, the S-400 was scheduled for deployment in the Russian army in 2001.[3]
In 2003 it first became apparent that the system was not ready for deployment, but in August two high-ranking military officials expressed concerns that the S-400 was being tested using 'obsolete' interceptors from the S-300P and concluded that it was not ready for production.[3]

Finally the completion of the project was announced in February 2004. In April, a ballistic missile was successfully intercepted in a test of the upgraded 48N6DM interceptor missile.[4][5] Officially accepted for service in 2007[6]

According to the media site price 1st Battalion (division(about 7-8 launchers)) in 2014, is $200 million,[7] $500 million (unknown number of other components).[8]

30K6E administration system: manages 8 divisions (battalions)[9][10][11]
55K6E command and control centre based on Ural-532301.
91N6E[12] Panoramic radar detection system (range of 600 km) with protection against jamming. Mounted on an MZKT-7930. 300 targets. Decimetric band (S).[13]
6 battalions of 98ZH6E Surface-to-air missile systems consisting of (an independent combat system for autonomous operation):[14] Each battalion can hit no more than 6 goals on their own.[15]+2 another battalions if they are within range 40 km.
92N6(or 2)E Multi-functional radar (range of 400 km). 100 targets.[16]
5P85TE2 launchers and/or 5P85SE2 on the trailer (up to 12 launchers).
Surface-to-air missiles allowed by Russian Presidential decree: 48N6E, 48N6E2, 48N6E3, 48N6DM, 9M96E, 9M96E2 and ultra distance 40N6E.[17]
Own the radars system S-400 this is Active electronically scanned array (official government statement)[18]
Possible elements of the S-400 (98ZH6E):[14][19] 15I6ME - for moving the to the distance 98ZH6E 30/60/90 km away from 30K6E. 96L6E[20] - universal complex (all functions), the detection range of 300 km. 40B6M - tower for radar 92N6E or 96L6E. Anti - stealth: Protivnik-GE, Gamma-DE. Orion[21] passive sensor (locator) for target designation on the air defense system (coordinates 1 out of 3), Avtobaza-M passive sensor (locator) for target designation on the air defense system (coordinates 2 out of 3)[22] and Orion+ Avtobaza=the exact location. 1RL220BE[14] classified information[23] (or outdated), older versions (supposedly) were used for interference/anti-jamming[24] (inside/within passive sensor (locator)). Possible to apply the S-200D "Dubna" (SA-5c) missiles (400 km), well as various radars system S-300 (Air Defence versions (P family)) without the participation additional command and control centers.[25] Possible to apply the S-300 (SA-20A/SA-20B) missiles.[26] A-50/A-50U[9] aircraft early warning, command and control transfer target designation[27]

The 30К6Е control system can control:[14]

S-400 Triumph 98ZH6E system;
S-300PMU2 (through the 83М6Е2 control system);
S-300PMU1 (through the 83М6Е control system);
Tor-M1 through Ranzhir-M battery command post;
Pantsir-S1 through the lead battery vehicle;
Triumf kets – when carrying out additional works using the 30K6E administration system; reception of the route information from an additional integrated 92Н6Е radar system;

Radar type 96L6E/30K6E administration system, Protivnik-GE, Gamma-DE. Optional integration with the 92H6E radar system ensure communication between each battery with:

Baikal-E senior command posts and other similar types;
nearby 30К6Е, 83М6Е, and 83М6Е2 administration systems ;
Polyana-D4М1 command post;
command post for Russian fighter aircraft.
For export supply in coordination with foreign customers, with the purpose of integration in the system of defence from the customer are additional work on improvement of the 30K6E administration system for information technology pairing with anti-kets.

The maximum range for targeting (detection radius more).

For a ballistic target (speed of 4800 m/s and a radar cross-section of 0.4 square meters): 230 km.
For a target with RCS of 4 square meters: 390 km.
For targeting of strategic planes: 570 km.


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