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Published on 11 Sep 2013 | over 3 years ago

During the Indian Rebellion of 1857 (also known as the Indian Mutiny), mujra dance performances provided an opportunity for mutineers to meet and many tawaif were also actively involved in the movement. As a result, many kothas were confiscated by the British after the mutiny, disrupting the traditional tawaif succession. By the early 1900s, many tawaif had moved into the prostitution industry as the traditional system had broken down. Some tawaif moved to the film and music industry.

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