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Dua Tawassul is a supplication recited by the Followers of the Family of the Prophet of Islam (Ahlulbayt), in which they ask Allah, the Exalted, for the intercession of those pure people whom He has spoken of in the Quran, when Allah says:
-[None shall have the power of intercession, but such a one as has received permission (or promise) from (Allah) Most Gracious] (19:87)
-[Who is there can intercede in His presence except as He permitteth?] (2:25
-[no intercession avail except for those for whom permission has been granted by (God)] (20:10
-[And those whom they call upon besides Him have no authority for intercession, BUT he who bears witness of the truth and they know (him)] (43:86)
-[And how many an angel is there in the heavens whose intercession does not avail at all except after Allah has given permission to whom He pleases and chooses] (53:26
Is Intercession a form of Shirk?
Does Allah (swt) allow us to use others as a Wasila (means of approach) to him?
Yes, Allah (swt) tells us in the Qur'an, that the sole reason for creating Man and Jinn is so that they worship Him. We are here to worship Allah (swt), who also says in the Qur'an "Fear Allah and find a wasila to him (5:35
The definition of wasila is 'a means of approach', so worship is not direct - it is attained via a means of approach, a guide. Remember Allah (swt) is not telling you to create a wasila, he is telling you to find it. So it exists, it is down to you to find it. For mankind that wasila can only be through a fellow human being, we have no contact with jinns' and therefore they cannot act as a wasila.
Angels likewise cannot act as a wasila to Allah (swt) as they have no contact with us until the time of death. The wasila will have to be a human being, because the earth is inhabited by humans and as Allah (swt) says when explaining the appointment of Prophets "If there were angels on the earth I would send them an angel as a Prophet from heaven (Surat al Isra verse 95)."
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Is this Dua authentic?
Shaykh Tusi says, in his book Misbah, that imam Hassan bin Ali Al Askari wrote this dua'a for Abu Muhammad who requested him to teach him the proper way of reciting salawat. Allama Majlisi has mentioned this dua'a on the authority of Ibn babawayh who confidently says that there is no difficulty or problem that this dua'a does not solve.
The merciful Allah is beseeched in the name of and for the sake of the Holy prophet and his Ahl ul Bayt. It is known as the Dua which fulfills all legitimate desires in a short amount of time.