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Published on 11 Aug 2009 | over 7 years ago

The Poet: Khwaja Ghulam Farid خواجہ غلام فرید was born in 1845 at Mithan Kot مٹھن کوٹ (currently in District Rajanpur راجن پور of Punjab, Pakistan). His ancestors were Arab traders who had settled in India. His mother passed away when he was only 4-5 years old. His father, Khwaja Khuda Bakhsh, also passed away when he was 8 years old. Then his older brother, Khwaja Fakhar-ud Din took care of his education. He learned the Holy Quran by heart at a young age. He was 27-28 years old when his older brother died. By that time he had completed his religious education. He then spent many years in the Rohi روہی Desert (also called Cholistan چولستان ). People have nomadic life style in that area. His life was spent teaching religion to his murids and writing poetry in Urdu and Saraiki سرائیکی, and prose in Farsi. He performed Haj in 1876. He knew many languages including Arabi, Farsi, Saraiki, Urdu, Punjabi, Sindhi, Brij Bhasha, and Urdu. He and his poetry is deeply loved by the Saraiki speaking people of Southern Punjab in Pakistan. Like Punjabi and Sindhi, Saraiki is a member of the Indo-Aryan subdivision of the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. Khwaja Ghulam Farid passed away on 24th July 1901. His tomb is in Mithan Kot. His Saraiki Divan consists of poems called kafis, which are full of sufi themes. His works include: Divan-e Farid Saraiki دیوانِ فرید سرائیکی (published 1882), Divan-e Farid Urdu دیوانِ فرید اردو (published 1884), Manaqib-e Mahbubia مناقبِ محبوبیہ (Farsi prose), and Fawaid-e Faridia فوائدِ فریدیہ (Farsi prose).

The Singer: Zahida Parveen زاہدہ پروین was born at Amritsar, Punjab, India in 1920's. She was initiated into music by Baba Taaj saranginawaz (from Kapurthala) and Hussain Bakhsh Khan saranginawaz (from Amritsar). Then she became close to the Patiala Gharana (family) of musicians as she became a shagird of Ustad Ashiq Ali Khan. She became renowned due to her expertise in various forms of music. She was especially well-known in singing kafis (a form of sufi poems in Saraiki, Punjabi, and Sindhi languages). She had a special style, which will be evident in this upload. She was considered by many as the best kafi singer. She was also good in singing other classical music forms and ghazals. She was also very particular about getting her daughter (Shahida Parveen) trained in a similar style. She made her a shagird of Ustad Akhtar Hussain Khan (father of Fateh Ali Khan, late Amanat Ali Khan, and Hamid Ali Khan). Zahida Parveen died in 1975. Shahida Parveen also passed away on 13 March 2003.

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