ALLAHUMMA SALLI ALA SAYYIDINA MUHAMMADININ NABIYIL UMMIE SALLALLAHU ALAIHI WASALLAM
Durood or Darood Shareef is an invocation which Muslims make by saying specific phrases to compliment the Islamic prophet Muhammad. The Islamic view is to say durood whenever a Muslim reads, speaks or hears the name of Muhammad. Durood, which is a kind of prayer and is mentioned in hadith as well as in Qur'an, are also recited in the form of Wazifa.
Durood has various other names like Durood Sahreef, Salawat, Salat ala Nabi, Salat-un-Nabi.
As per Qur'an;
Allah and His angels send blessings on the Prophet: O ye that believe! Send ye blessings on him, and salute him with all respect.
— Qur'an, Sura 33 (al-Ahzab, ayah 56)
In this verse of the Qur'an, God, the Mala'ikah and the Muslims have been mentioned as sending Durood upon Muhammad. So, Durood Shareef is actually a Dua in praise of Muhammad. When God sends Durood and Salaams upon Muhammad, He is actually blessing him. When the angels and the Muslims send Durood and Salaams to Muhammad, they are actually showing God their respect for Muhammad.
Evidence of Hadith
Anas ibn Malik narrates that Muhammad said:
He who reads a single Durood upon me, Almighty Allah blesses him ten times, ten of his sins are forgiven, and he is increased ten times in stages (internally).
—Anas ibn Malik
Abd Allah ibn Mas'ud also narrates that Muhammad said:
On the Day of Qiyamah, the closest to me from among the people will be those who have read the most amount of Durood Shareef"
—Abd Allah ibn Mas'ud
In various books of Hadith like Sahih al-Bukhari, Sahih Muslim, Sunan al-Tirmidhi, Sunan Abu Dawood, Al-Muwatta, Al-Sunan al-Sughra, Sunan ibn Majah, Darmi, Sunan al-Bayhaqi and Miskhaat Shareef, certain benefits of reciting Durood are mentioned.
Below is a list of some mainly from Sahih al-Bukhari:
For every Durood Shareef that you recite, ten sins are forgiven, ten good deeds are entered into your sheet of actions and ten position are upgraded.
Allah showers ten blessings on the man who recites a Durood.
The first man who will meet Muhammed on the Day of Judgement will be that person who had recited the Durood maximum number of times in his lifetime.
Those who recite Durood in maximum number will be nearest and dearest to Muhammad in the next world.
If any one is involved in a difficulty then he must recite countless number of Durood Shareefs.
Reciting Durood Shareef eradicates poverty and hunger.
If the Sawaab of the Durood Shareef is dedicated to another person, then that person will receive the Sawaab, while the Sawaab of the reciter will not be lessened.
Reciting excessive Durood Shareef brings purity.
Reciting maximum number of Durood Shareef is full compensation of all sins.
Any one who recites excessive Durood Shareef in this world will be safe and sound in the next world.
When a prayer is made to Allah it is never accepted unless praise of Allah Ta'ala and Durood Shareef on Muhammad is first of all recited.
Those who recite Durood quite often will see Divine Light on the dark Day of Judgement.
Reciting Durood in this world is rewarding in the next.
One who recites Durood Shareef near the shrine of Muhammad is heard by him there and then alone.
Reward equivalent to a big mountain (Uhad) is given to one who recites one Durood.
Allah is Great and Almighty to forgive all sins of the reciter during the day and night when he recites Durood Shareef.
Reciting maximum number of Durood kills all hardships.
Recite Durood Shareef in countless number on Friday, as it is presented to me (Muhammad) ( p.b.u.h.).
Bad deeds of 200 years (equivalent) are obliterated if a man recites 100 Durood on Friday.
If any one recites Durood Shareef from any place, any part of the world from any distance, it actually reaches Muhammad immediately. Allah Ta'ala has appointed several Angels who are given exclusive duty to collect all Durood Shareef and present the same before Muhammad immediately.
Angels of Allah shower 70 blessings on a man who recites Durood once.
Wherever you are, from any quarter of the world, you must recite Durood as it reaches Muhammad.
If a person recites 1,000 Durood Shareef daily, he will never die unless he himself sees his place in Heaven with his own eyes.
The Durood Shareef that is recited by the person is written with a Golden Pen on a Silver tablet by the Angels. The Angels then present this Durood Shareef to Sayyiduna Rasoolullah and proclaim, "O Habeeb of Allah! The son of such and such a person has presented this gift in your majestic court".