815,959 views 1,699 on YTPak
23,797 581

Published on 31 Jul 2015 | about 1 year ago

Save $75 off a Leesa mattress by going to www.leesa.com/earth and using the code EARTH75 - www.leesa.com/earth

Support us on Patreon! www.patreon.com/minuteearth

... like these fantastic Patreon patrons. Thanks!
- ThePoniesTurnabout
- BurmansHealthShop
- Owner
- Jeff Straathof
- Mark
- Maarten Bremer
- Today I Found Out
- Duhilio Patiño
- Alberto Bortoni
- Avi Yashchin
- Valentin
- Nicholas Buckendorf
- Antoine Coeur


Want to learn more about the topic in this week’s video? Here are some key words/phrases to get your googling started:
-adjuvant: substance added to a vaccine to enhance the body's immune response and increase the vaccine's efficacy
-attenuation: altering a pathogen to make it less virulent (or even harmless)
-acquired immunity: components of the immune system that are developed via exposure to pathogens or other sources of infection


MinuteEarth provides an energetic and entertaining view of trends in earth’s environment – in just a few minutes!
Subscribe on YouTube to see our new videos: www.youtube.com/user/minuteearth

Created by Henry Reich
With the MinuteEarth team: Alex Reich, Peter Reich, Emily Elert, Ever Salazar, Kate Yoshida, and Henry Reich. Music by Nathaniel Schroeder: www.soundcloud.com/drschroeder

And follow us on Vessel: www.vessel.com/shows/6891774506155638
And here we are on iTunes: goo.gl/sfwS6n
Also, say hello on:
Facebook: facebook.com/minuteearth
Twitter: twitter.com/MinuteEarth


Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (2008). Toxicological profile for Aluminum. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service. www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/tp22.pdf

Center for Disease Control (1993). Understanding how vaccines work. www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/patient-ed/conversations/downloads/vacsafe-understand-color-office.pdf

Keith, L.S., Jones, D.E., Chou, C.H. (2002). Aluminum toxicokinetics regarding infant diet and vaccinations. Vaccine 20(Sppl. 3):513-7. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12184359

Mitkus, R.J., King, D.B., Hess M,A., Forshee, R.A., Walderhaug, M.O. (2011). Updated aluminum pharmacokinetics following infant exposures through diet and vaccination. Vaccine 29(51):9538-9543. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2011.09.124

Petrovsky, N., Aguilar J.C. (2004). Vaccine adjuvants: current state and future trends. Immunology and Cell Biology 82:482–496. www.nature.com/icb/journal/v82/n5/full/icb200475a.html

Sullivan, J.B. and Krieger, G.R., (Eds.) (2001). Clinical Environmental Health and Toxic Exposures. 2nd Edition. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.

Thaysen-Andersen, M., Jorgensen, S.B., Wilhelmsen, E.S. et al. (2007). Investigation of the detoxification mechanism of formaldehyde-treated tetanus toxin. Vaccine 25:2213-2227. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2006.12.033

Unicef (1996). The Progress of Nations: Health. "Vaccines bring 7 diseases under control." www.unicef.org/pon96/hevaccin.htm

Loading related videos...